Robert Schumann

In the life of  ROBERT SCHUMANN, the early 1840s marked a particularly happy time. After more than five years of battle with his former teacher, Friedrich Wieck, Schumann managed to overcome his opposition and on 12 September 1840 married Wieck’s daughter, talented pianist and composer Clara Wieck. She became his closest adviser and an ardent champion of his music, regularly including pieces by her husband in the programs of her frequent concerts. Together with her, Schumann undertook trips to Russia, Vienna, Prague, Berlin, Dresden, Switzerland, Belgium and the Netherlands. He enjoyed his growing prestige and reputation, received invitations to teach at the first German conservatory in Leipzig founded by Mendelssohn, and continued his active journalistic work as editor and permanent author in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (‘New Music Magazine’), a periodical edition founded and published by himself. Schumann also expanded the generic range of his output, writing apart from his solo piano compositions vocal settings on texts by Eichendorf, Heine, Chamisso, Goethe, Rückert, Byron, Burns, etc.; chamber opuses (three string quartets, a piano quartet and quintet,) the oratorio Das Paradies und die Peri (‘Paradise and the Peri’), the Opera Genoveva.

It was during these years that his first symphonic works originated. In January 1841, in just four days, Schumann completed the first draft of his First Symphony, and it was premiered to great acclaim on March 31 by the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra under the direction of Felix Mendelssohn. During the following months, he sketched his Piano Concerto and simultaneously, over the course of the first week in June, he composed his next Symphony in D Minor, intended as a birthday present for Clara. In her diary on 31 May, Clara noted: “Robert’s mind is very creative now… [and] he began a symphony yesterday which is to consist of one movement, but with an Adagio and finale. I have heard nothing of it as yet, but from seeing Robert’s doings, and from hearing a wild D minor in the distance, I know in advance that this will be another work that is emerging from the depths of his soul.”

Works


"Carnival", Op.9 for Piano
"Dreaming" - Arr. for Orchestra
"Fantasiestücke" for Cello and Piano, Op. 73
Adagio and Allegro for Horn and Piano in A-flat minor, Op.70
Am Bodensee
Arabesque
Concert Piece for Four Horns and Orchestra, Op.86
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra in a moll оp.54
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D minor
Concerto for Violoncello and Orchestra in A minor, Op.129
Dedication
Fantasy Pieces for Piano Trio, Op.88
Fantasy Pieces for Piano, Op.12
First Movement from Cello Concerto in A minor
First Movement from Piano Concerto in A minor, Op.54
Five Pieces in Folk Style for Cello and Piano, Op.102
Flute Concerto (Transcription of Cello Concerto)
Geistervariationen
Gesänge der Frühe, Op.133
Introduction and Allegro Appassionato
Introduction and Concert Allegro, Op.134
Mass in C minor for Soloists, Mixed Choir and Orchestra, Op.147
Novellette No.1, Op.21, Arr. for Piano and String Orchestra by Georgi Cherkin
Novellette No.7, Op.21 in E major
Overture "Manfred"
Overture from Opera "Genoveva"
Overture, Scherzo and Finale in E major, Op.52
Papillons, Op.2
Paradise and the Peri
Piano Quartet, Op.47
Piano Quintet in E flat major, Op.44
Piano Trio No.1 in D minor, Op.63
Requiem for Soloists, Mixed Choir and Orchestra, Op. 148
Reverie
Romances and ballads
Sonata No.2 for Violin and Piano in D minor, Op.121
String Quartet No.1 in A minor, Op.41
String Quartet No.3 in A major, Op.41
Symphonic Etudes for Piano, Op.13
Symphony No.1 "Spring" in B-flat major, Op.38
Symphony No.2
Symphony No.3 "Rhenish"
Symphony No.4 in d moll, op.20
Three Romances for Oboe and Piano, Op. 94
Violin concerto in A minor, Op.129
Zigeunerleben

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