Boyan Ikonomov (1900–1973) studied Theory of Music, Harmony and Counterpoint with Nikola Atanassov and Piano with Nedialka Torchanova. He graduated from the Free University in Sofia (1926) and the Schola Cantorum in Paris (1932), where he studied Composition under Vincent d’Indy and Guy de Lincour, and also Viola and Organ. He studied Composition with Nadia Boulanger and Albert Roussel, too. In 1934, he took part in conducting master classes given by F. Weigartner in Basel, Switzerland. Up to 1937, he lived in Paris working as freelance composer and conductor. In 1934 he founded and conducted the Haiduk Male Voices Choir made up of Bulgarian immigrants in France, with which he performed only Bulgarian music. During the period he also conducted symphony concerts featuring works by Bulgarian composers in Paris, Lyon, Lausanne, Rome, Vienna and Wroclaw. In 1937, he returned to Bulgaria.
He was appointed Music Director of Radio Sofia (1937-48); Music Director of the Bulgarian Cinematography Enterprise (1948-56); Head of Symphony Orchestras Section of the Music Art Department at the Ministry of Culture (1956-57) and Vice Editor-in-chief of the Music Department of Radio Sofia (1957-60).
His work includes mainly instrumental music. He wrote an opera, three ballets, three cantatas, two oratorios, four symphonies, a sinfonietta, four symphonic poems and other works for symphony orchestra. He is author of six string quartets and other chamber works, choral and solo songs, music to documentaries and feature films, etc.